Money may not buy happiness, but it sure can buy financial security and being financially secure is one step closer to happiness. In conclusion, money can buy a form of happiness, which is why you need to get into a habit of managing your finances. Whether you implement a few financial management hacks or you learn it the hard way – managing your money is one of the most important actions of your life. You must set short term as well as long term goals and then make money-related decisions. Make sure you adhere to the same. If you stick to an efficient system for the present as well as the future, you can enjoy your dream vacation while saving up for a future vacation.
We often find ourselves at crossroads between saving money for the future and investing it in the present market. Now, keeping aside a sum of money could be good for short term savings, but in the long term, it would be smarter to put that amount in the derivatives market to avoid facing loss because of the time value of money and inflation.
The interface of managing finances originates from the fact that a business starts and ends with money. You get to decide if money is going to make or break your business. This brings us to the most popular as well as essential concepts that everyone should be aware of in today's times: portfolio management and financial planning.
What is Portfolio Management?
Here, we're not referring to a job portfolio but a financial portfolio. A portfolio is a combination of different kinds of financial securities like shares, government bonds, debentures, units, and other such financial assets. Designing a financial portfolio is like playing with fire and having a bucket of water, that is, a plan B, on the side. It dabbles in the equity as well as the debt market.
The main objective of having a diverse investment portfolio is to reduce risk and maximize gains. For example, your investment portfolio should be able to help you save taxes.
Learn how to revisit your investment portfolio to save tax?
A financial portfolio sounds like a random mix of units. On the contrary, it is a carefully blended asset combination that is necessary for investors to keep track of their financial decisions and nullify risk while maximizing returns.
Now, portfolio management means choosing securities and making constant but necessary changes to the portfolio depending on the ongoing market situation. It is basically investing in the equity as well as the derivatives market and minimizing risk by allocating funds among various types of securities.
Portfolio management is a dynamic process that needs constant attention and being up-to-date with the current market scenario at all times. Portfolio management ULIPs includes asset allocation, security selection, executing, developing, and implementing strategies, and performance evaluation.
A lot of times, people find it difficult to understand the markets and make wrong decisions. This is when a portfolio manager comes into the picture. A portfolio manager has to achieve a sound balance between the objectives of liquidity, safety and profitability. They have to master the art of switching between bonds and shares and identifying if the market is bullish or bearish.
What is Financial Planning?
Financial planning or strategic planning deceivingly sounds like an easy job. However, it involves analyzing the present and future situation, determining the direction of the firm and then developing means for achieving the target. This process sounds very straightforward but, in reality, is an enormously multi-faceted process.
Financial planning revolves around an environment of improbability. This calls for a systematic approach for identifying and analyzing external factors and matching them with the firm's financial capabilities. It involves establishing objectives, policy formulation, forecasting and formulation of procedures and helps in measuring the performance of every significant process, making worsening evident.
Let us take an example. Fatima recently started her job and her father advised her to start planning for her retirement. She took the conversation lightly and never thought of putting aside anything for her retirement. One day, when she lost her job, she realised, she doesnt have a financial plan. Her father was right after all. What will she do when she retires, which is years away. But how will she manage the expenses when she doesnt have an income stream? Had she started planning and streamlining her finances, it would have been easier for her to build a solid financial backup.
Here’s your step-by-step retirement planning guide.
For financial planning, one needs to draft the organization's objectives and list out all the possible course of actions. Then, one must collect data as to the alternative possibilities and then analyze the data. The final step would be summarizing the findings for decision-making and executing the decision accordingly. After this, one must compare the planned and actual results, take corrective actions and revise and reach the desired plan.
Difference between Portfolio Management and Financial Planning
There is a battle of the tenses when it comes to portfolio management and financial planning. Here's how the two differ:
- Portfolio management is about the present. Here, you invest your money in different securities with a view to multiplying the amount and reinvesting it later. Financial planning is basically setting a future goal and planning your investment in order to achieve that particular goal.
- Portfolio management focuses on meeting present or short term goals through stocks, bonds, mutual funds, exchange-traded funds or alternative investments. One has to plan, manage and budget his/ her funds for their estimated financial needs for financial planning.
- For portfolio management, one needs an investment manager to help in managing their portfolio. A wealth manager helps with financial planning by giving advice and assisting in the enhancement of the overall financial situation of their client.
- Portfolio management is basically an assessment of various components of the client's portfolio, which helps in making important investment and divestment decisions. On the other hand, a deep assessment of the client's overall financial standing is required for financial planning in order to develop long term financial goals.
- A portfolio manager or investment manager is one who provides assistance in portfolio management and diversification, whereas a financial advisor or a wealth manager is one who provides assistance in financial planning tips.
- Portfolio management is a dynamic process that needs constant attention. Financial planning is a lot less dynamic compared to portfolio management.
Be it portfolio management for the present or financial planning for the future, choosing the right plan from Canara HSBC Oriental Bank of Commerce Life Insurance can put an end to your investment problems. From saving plans, to retirement and pension plans – the right plan can help the boat sail smoothly. It is a one-stop solution to all your finance-related problems that allows you to keep your family financially secure.