Investing and saving money for rainy days is an essential component of your financial planning strategy. However, not all the saving instruments work in a similar manner. Different saving plans work differently and are meant for specific type of investors. Investments that yield high returns often come with the downside of high risks. Suppose you want to invest in a fund that avoids all the risks associated with investment schemes under private companies. In that case, the Voluntary Provident Fund or VPF can prove to be a wise financial investment.
What is a Voluntary Provident Fund?
Voluntary Provident Fund or VPF, an extension of EPF, allows employees to contribute to their provident fund account voluntarily. This contribution excludes the 12% contribution towards the Employee Provident Fund. Also known as Voluntary Retirement Scheme, Voluntary Provident Fund is supervised by the Government of India.
Voluntary Provident Fund permits an employee a maximum contribution of up to 100% of their basic salary and Dearness Allowance. The interest rates of both VPF and EPF are the same.
What are the Features of Voluntary Provident Fund?
The Voluntary Provident Fund has some unique features. They are summed up as follows:
1. The Voluntary Provident Fund is an extension of the Employee Provident Fund.
2. No employee is under any compulsion to contribute towards Voluntary Provident Fund.
3. It can be functional till an employee’s retirement or resignation.
4. The maturity amount for Voluntary Provident Fund is dependent on the invested amount, which, in turn, depends on the employee’s discretion.
5. The rate of interest under Voluntary Provident Fund is finalized by the Government of India.
6. It has a lock-in period of 5 years, meaning that once you contribute towards Voluntary Provident Fund, it cannot be discontinued before the term of 5 years is completed.
5 Benefits of Voluntary Provident Fund
Employees who receive monthly salaries in their salary account are eligible to invest in the Voluntary Provident Fund. Here are five benefits of Voluntary Provident Fund.
1. Tax benefits
Voluntary Provident Fund allows employees to enjoy exemption on their contribution, exemption on the principal amount, and exemption on the interest (EEE). This qualifies Voluntary Provident Fund as one of the tax-saving plans.
2. Secure investment
There are absolutely no risks involved as the Voluntary Provident Fund is managed by the Government of India. As compared to other long-term investment schemes offered by private companies, Voluntary Provident Fund is risk-free and hence secure.
3. Ease of application
Applying for a Voluntary Provident Fund account is quite simple. Employees have to reach out to their finance team or HR manager and request them to open a Voluntary Provident Fund account by submitting the required documents.
4. Higher Rate of Interest
The Voluntary Provident Fund provides the benefit of a considerably high rate of interest compared to other investment options offered by private firms. Currently, the rate of interest under VPF is 8.5% per annum.
5. Ease of transfer
If an employee transfers or changes their job, their Voluntary Provident Fund can be transferred from the old company to the new one without any hassles.
Documents Required for Voluntary Provident Fund
The Voluntary Provident Fund requires you to submit some documents for you to be eligible for it. These documents are as follows:
1. Comprehensive company profile
2. Company registration certificate under the Ministry of Finance (MoF)
3. Two forms: Form 24 and Form 49
4. Memorandum and Articles of Association (MOA & AOA) in case of an ‘Sdn Bhd’ company
5. Business Registration Certificate i.e. Form 9 and Form D
It’s recommended for employees to check with their employers if other important documents are required for opening the Voluntary Provident Fund account.
Tax Exemption under Voluntary Provident Fund
The most unique feature of Voluntary Provident Fund is the tax exemption it offers to employees. An employee can avail of tax benefits of up to Rs. 1.5 Lakh.
Moreover, the interest evaluated from the contribution to Voluntary Provident Fund is also exemptable. However, this shall not be the case if the rate of interest exceeds 9.50% per annum.
Rate of Interest under Voluntary Provident Fund
The rate of interest under Voluntary Provident Fund is established by the Government of India and is revised every year. For the financial year 2019-2020, Voluntary Provident Fund had a rate of interest of 8.50% per annum. Previous to that, the interest rate was 8.65%.
From the financial years 2013-2014 to 2019-2020, Voluntary Provident Fund has steadily maintained a higher interest rate than EPF.
Withdrawal Facilities under Voluntary Provident Fund
The Voluntary Provident fund permits both complete withdrawals and partial ones (in the form of a loan). For withdrawals before the minimum term of 5 years, tax is levied on the accumulated maturity sum. The final maturity amount is paid after the resignation or retirement of the employee.
In case of the sudden death of the account holder, their chosen nominee receives the accumulated sum under VPF. Voluntary Provident Fund allows the withdrawal of money at any time. This makes Voluntary Provident Fund a dependable option in case of financial emergencies.
Rules and Regulations under VPF
Some rules and regulations under Voluntary Provident Fund that should be kept in mind are summed up as below:
1. Contribution to the Voluntary Provident Fund account is not mandatory.
2. The rate of interest is set by the Government of India and is subject to change yearly. The interest rate can increase or decrease depending on the financial year.
3. Full withdrawal of maturity amount is permitted after resignation or retirement.
4. The Voluntary Provident Fund is applicable only for employees who have an EPF account and works for companies under the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO). It isn’t applicable for people working under unorganized sectors.
5. Voluntary Provident Fund can be opened at any time of a given financial year. Once the investment starts, it cannot be discontinued.
6. Voluntary Provident Fund allows partial withdrawals in the form of loans. However, the withdrawn amount is taxable if it is withdrawn before the maturity date.
How can Invest 4G Plan by Canara HSBC Life Insurance help you?
It is always better to have options. If you do not benefit from an EPF or a VPF, you can opt for a customizable Unit Linked Individual Life Insurance Savings Plan. It provides unparalleled flexibility and control over your savings.
The Voluntary Provident Fund is a reliable Government-managed scheme, while the Invest 4G plan is offered by Canara HSBC Life Insurance.
- Option to choose between three covers for different life stages
- Assured Loyalty additions
- Systematic withdrawals
Choosing a ULIP gives you more control over your savings and investments. Also, it protects you and your loved ones with a life cover. Investing wisely will help you in achieving all the milestones of your life. Explore all the available options to buy the best savings plan for a secured financial future.