Nowadays it is natural to be too busy with all the things at hand - Career, family, children, friends and parents, if you could manage it, perhaps you won’t even have time for yourself. But, like so many things inevitable in life certain financial goals are inevitable yet ignored, in the hopes of a better time.
Retirement is one such financial goal, and you should not doubt that there will be a day when you would want to hang your boots and relax. If you have not started planning for your retirement, perhaps now is the time to start! Unit linked Insurance Plans offer great opportunities to capture growth and boost your wealth for a sufficient retirement bonus.
An Ideal Retirement Plan
If you are in your 30s right now, retirement is an important goal for you, but it’s a long way away. Therefore, you will need your retirement plan to have the following characteristics:
Whatever investment route you choose for investing in your retirement must fulfil both traits at the same time.
Fixed Income vs. Equity Investments:
Fixed income instruments must offer market-linked returns so that your retirement corpus can keep up with the inflation. Equity investment on the other hands is highly volatile and hard to time, so unreliable for an important goal like retirement.
That means the investment route cannot be low return fixed-income instrument or a 100% equity (high-risk) investment. The ideal retirement plan would be a mix of both and should have good tax efficiency.
This is where unit-linked insurance plans or ULIPs come into play. ULIPs offer all the qualities we are looking for in our ideal retirement plan. 100% debt portfolio may cause you to worry if the corpus will be sufficient, while 100% equity investment may give you sleepless nights during large downturns.
Planning Retirement with ULIP Investment Plan
We have already discussed what you will need from your ideal retirement plan. ULIPs have all the features you need to create your ideal investment plan for retirement. Following steps should help you create your ideal retirement plan with a ULIP:
Step 1: What is the Goal?
In this step you need to define the following 3 aspects of your retirement goal:
Time to retirement depends on your current age, as we take the expected retirement age at 60. So, if you are 30 years old right now, you have about 30 years to achieve your retirement goal.
The second question needs a lot more calculations, but let us simplifies them for our case here. Assuming your and your spouse’s current annual expense stands at Rs. 6 lakhs a year. Growing at 5% average inflation rate, you will need about Rs. 26 lakhs a year post your retirement.
To generate such an income every year you will need approximately Rs. 3.25 crore at the age of 60. But this is not the goal for the ULIP alone; this is your entire retirement corpus. If you have few investments already in place for retirement, you can deduct their value at 60 from Rs. 3.25 crore.
For example, if you are investing Rs. 1 lakh a year in a PPF or NPS account, you can expect about Rs. 1.25 crore at the age of 60. That means you will only need about Rs. 2 crores from the ULIP investment.
If you have already started investing in a ULIP or similar pension plan you will have the following two choices:
Step 2: Selecting a ULIP Plan
Select a plan which lets you set a portfolio management strategy and has the following portfolio strategies in place:
Apart from these two, the ULIP should also have the option to move the entire corpus in the final few years from high-risk funds to low-risk funds. So, your accumulated money stays safe from market volatility as you approach your goal.
Invest 4G ULIP from Canara HSBC OBC Life, offers all these features and more. Since you are going to invest for a very long time, Invest 4G boosts your corpus by adding units to the plan over the years.
Step 3: How Much to Invest?
The answer to this question depends on:
For the case we took as an example, you will need to invest about Rs. 1.8 lakhs a year for the next 30 years. That is considering a conservative rate of return of 8.5% per year.
If you can invest this much start with this amount and you can stop investing in the future once your goal amount is achieved. If your current capacity allows a lower amount of investment, you will need to increase the investment later.
Maintaining your tax-exempt status of ULIP investment is easy. All you need to do is make sure the policy sum assured or life cover is at least 10 times the annual premium. For example, in our case above, the policy has to have a life cover of at least Rs. 18 lakh.
Step 4: Select Portfolio Strategy
This step depends a lot on how frequently you invest in the ULIP investment plan. Here we can discuss two modes of investment:
Strategy for Monthly Mode Investment
If you can invest in the monthly mode you can choose the auto rebalancing option. All you need is decide the ratio of equity and debt allocation in your portfolio in the beginning. This ratio should be based on your risk appetite and comfort with equity market volatility.
For example, if you decide a 50:50 ratio, the portfolio will rebalance the allocation regularly to meet this standard. Thus, when equity markets are performing well, your growing funds will flow to the safety of debt and vice versa when equity faces downtrend.
Strategy for Other than Monthly Modes
In case you are investing in any other mode than monthly, you can select the systematic transfer option. Allocate your premium to debt and liquid funds in a fixed ratio. Money in the liquid fund will be systematically invested in an equity fund every month, while debt investment keeps growing steadily.
Whichever portfolio strategies you choose just make sure you can bring in the entire corpus into safe funds before maturity. Invest 4G plan from Canara HSBC OBC Life has the option to move all your savings from equity funds to liquid funds in the final four years of the policy.
The gradual transfer doesn’t affect your corpus and helps you safeguard your retirement funds from the market movements in the final years.
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