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The financial year 2022 is about to end, and you should update yourself for the Income Tax Return (ITR) filing dates for Assessment Year 2022-23. You need to file ITR with the income tax department at the end of each financial year. The income tax department has defined the last date before you can file the return without paying any late fees. The last date is known as the due date of filing ITR.
You can check the below table and know the due date depending on your category.
|Type of Assessee||Due Date FY 2021-22 (AY 2022-23)|
|Individual & HUF||Non-Audit Cases (Individuals, professionals, small businesses etc)||31 July 2022|
|Working Partner of a Firm or LLP whose audit is required u/s 44AB||31 October 2022|
|Non-Working Partner||31 July 2022|
|Audit Cases||31 October 2022|
|Firm, LLP, AOP, BOI, AJP, Local Authority, Co-operative society|
|Audit Cases||31 October 2022|
|Non-audit cases||31 July 2022|
|Company||All companies||31 October 2022|
|Trusts, colleges, political parties||Trusts, colleges, political parties, etc. who are required to file their return u/s 139(4A), 139(4B), 139(4C) or 139(4D) [ITR-7]||31 October 2022|
* Audit report, in any case, should be filed by 30 September 2022
The income tax department has notified seven different forms. You should file the correct ITR form on or before the specified due date. The ITR form you need to file depends on your income source, the amount you have earned in a financial year, and the taxpayer category you fall in - HUF, company, etc.
a) Income from pension or salary
b) Income from one house property (if you bring the loss forward from previous years, it is not included)
c) Income from other sources (excluding winning amount from horse race or lottery)
d) Agricultural income up to Rs 5000
a) Income from salary/pension, or
b) Income from house property (rental income)
c) Income from other sources, including winning from lottery and income from race horses
Also, your income from the above sources should be more than Rs 50 lakh.
a) Business income according to the presumptive income scheme under section 44AD or 44AE
b) Professional income according to presumptive income scheme under section 44ADA
c) Income from salary or pension up to Rs 50 lakh
d) Income from one house property, not more than Rs 50 lakh
e) Income from other sources having income not more than Rs 50 Lakh
In the recent Union Budget, the government has introduced a strict timeline for filing ITR. You are not allowed to file ITR beyond the end of an Assessment Year. If you file ITR beyond the due date, you will have to pay a fine. Below are the rules around penalties:
a) If you file a return after the due date but of an AY, you will have to pay Rs 5000 as a penalty.
b) If the tax payable is Rs 10,000 or above, you need to pay interest at a monthly rate of 1% on the outstanding tax payable starting from April of an AY till July. Between August and March of the AY, the monthly interest rate will increase to 2%.
c) If you fail to file your return within an AY, you can file it in the next two AYs, along with heavy interest and fines.
d) If the return is filed within 12 months from the end of the AY, you will have to pay an additional 25% on the total amount of outstanding tax payable and the amount of interest accumulated on it.
The penalties are heavy if you fail to file ITR on time. Hence, you never miss filing ITR before the due date.
If you are paying high taxes for a financial year, you should plan to reduce your tax liability. You can reduce your direct tax expense, through deductions available under sections 80C and D. Section 80C allows certain expenses and investments you can claim deduct from your gross total income.
|Expenses Allowed as Deduction||Investments to Save Tax|
|- Child’s school/college tuition fee||- Life insurance plans including, term plan, endowment and moneyback plans|
|- Registration charges for new home||- Provident fund investments including, EPF, PPF|
|- Medical expenses for senior citizens against specified diseases||- New/National Pension Scheme (NPS)|
|- Medical insurance premiums for self and parents||- Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS)|
|- Money invested for the welfare of a handicapped dependent relative||- Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs)|
|- Home loan principal repayment|
The majority of the tax-saving investments are either important for your life or help achieve an important life goal. For example:
You can buy a term insurance plan to provide life cover, and the premium you pay towards the insurance plan is eligible for a tax deduction. Canara HSBC Life Insurance iSelect Smart360 Term Plan comes with additional benefits like the return of premium and in-built protection options against critical illnesses.
ULIPs are a good option if you want to grow your capital aggressively, get a life cover, and save taxes.
You need a guaranteed amount at maturity for your long-term goals. Canara HSBC Life Insurance Guaranteed Savings Plan provides a guaranteed sum at maturity with tax benefits.
You can invest in Canara HSBC Life Insurance Health First plan and get health coverage that provides you cover against minor conditions of Cancer or Heart Ailments. The premium you pay is eligible for a tax deduction.
If you don't want to make any investment to reduce your tax liabilities, you can opt for a new tax regime. The tax rates are lower in this regime, and you will pay lower taxes.
Tax planning is a must for every individual. As discussed above, if you miss filing ITR on time, the penalties are high. So, the first thing you need to ensure is that you file taxes on time.
Finally, reduce your tax liabilities by investing in tax saving options and avail of the deductions while meeting your long-term life goals.Disclaimer: This article is issued in the general public interest and meant for general information purposes only. Readers are advised to exercise their caution and not to rely on the contents of the article as conclusive in nature. Readers should research further or consult an expert in this regard.