Payment of taxes eats up a significant portion of one's savings. This is especially true when one is not aware of the benefits that can come from tax planning. Tax planning is a process that involves several steps meant to decrease one's liabilities and tax payments. This is a completely legal process and can be a challenge for novices. However, it is essential to understand a few core concepts regarding it to carry out tax planning.
Tax Planning offers several advantages. In a nutshell, an individual receives four benefits by planning their tax payments.
In order to begin the process of tax planning, it is essential to understand the steps that one has to undertake.
|Income Slabs or Annual Income||Tax Payable|
|Rs.5,00,000 to Rs.7,50,000||Rs.12,500 and 10% of the amount that is more than Rs.5,00,000|
|Rs.7,50,000/- to Rs.10,00,000||Rs. 37,500/- and 15% of the amount that is more than Rs. 7,50,000/-|
|Rs.10,00,000 to Rs.12,50,000||Rs 75,000/- and 20% of the amount that is more than Rs. 10,00,000|
|Above 15,00,001||Rs. 1,87,500/- and 30% of the amount that exceeds 15,00,000|
The above categories are also known as tax brackets. One can lower the tax payable through certain methods like claiming a tax exemption for house rent allowance as well as leave travel allowance and more. This will be discussed in detail further.
1. Availing the benefits of Section 80
This is the most common clause that people use to receive tax deductions. According to this section, an individual is eligible for tax deductions if the annual salary they receive is under 1,50,000 per year.
However, a person can also claim a higher tax deduction if they invest in a National Pension Scheme account.
The National Pension Scheme, also known as NPS, is a pension scheme that encourages the working sector to create a pension upon retirement. According to this, one receives a considerable return on their investment as the return rate is around 12%.
2. Investing in ULIPs
Unit Link Insurance Plans (ULIPs) are special insurance plans which also act as a tax-saving instrument. These plans are a hybrid of life insurance and investment. When one hand over money to go into a ULIPs, a significant portion goes towards a life insurance plan, and the rest becomes a part of an equity based fund. Therefore, an individual can get the best of both worlds as well as enjoy tax exemptions and returns, making it one of the best tax saving tips.
At Canara HSBC Oriental Bank Of Commerce Life Insurance, one can receive a number of ULIPs which contain a variety of benefits. The plans differ for an individual and a group. A few includes:
This ULIP is eligible for individuals. The plan involves creating a fund for one's future offspring. A child of an insured will receive a sum of money after the death of the individual as well as premium funding in case of a disability.
This plan involves ensuring the employees of a company against certain risks. This plan offers frequent periods to pay the premium as well as receive rebates.
Canara HSBC Oriental Bank of Commerce Life Insurance also offers the Jeevan Nivesh Plan. This is a traditional insurance plan. This plan offers benefits like settlement options, which involves the ability to convert the guaranteed sum that is assured on maturity into annual payouts. In addition to this, one receives higher rebates for a higher premium.
3. Investing in mutual funds
Investing in mutual funds is probably one of the more generic ways for reducing one's taxable income. This is especially true when one invests in Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS). This scheme receives tax deductions on the basis of Section 80C.
It has a lock-in period of only three years, which is lower in comparison to other tax saving options like Private Provident Funds and Bank Fixed deposits. These options usually require a lock-in period of eight years.
In addition to this, there is no imposition of tax on these funds. Research has shown that one can save up to Rs 46,000 by participating in this scheme. It also has the potential to provide the highest returns in comparison to other funds.
4. Attaining tax deductions on salaries
This tax deduction mostly applies to assets that are not permanent. For example, a house on rent. If a person is paying rent for the house they live in at the moment; then they can file for tax deductions under Section 10(13A). This states that an individual can file for tax deductions if they are required to pay for the rent in the house that they reside in but have to show receipts for the same.
HRA is a tax saving scheme that usually comes from one's employer. It is calculated by the actual rent that one pays minus 10% of the salary that one receives. In case an individual lives in a metro city, then 50% of their salary is eligible for tax deductions. 40% of the salary is eligible for the individuals living in other cities.
5. Save taxes through philanthropic activities
Donating to charity also comes with its fair share of tax deductions. This aspect of tax-saving aims to encourage donations to charities and other philanthropic activities. This tax deduction also includes the donations that one might make to the National Relief Funds.
The information regarding this is present in Section 80G. The deductions can be minor to almost 100%. However, it does depend on various factors like charity or other financial conditions.
Additional deductibles that come with Section 80
Section 80 comes with a number of subsections that one can utilize to make the most of exemptions and deductibles. The schemes under this section function as tax saving instruments.
This is applicable to the individuals who create medical insurance. In addition to insuring themselves, one can also add loved ones. Under Section 80D, an individual can obtain a deduction worth Rs 25,000 on the insurance.
It also offers coverage to the person that has parents who are younger than 60 years. This additional deduction involves another Rs.25,000. However, this does not include medical bills.
This section involves deductions on funds that go up to 1.5 lakhs per year. In a nutshell, one can expect a deduction for the payment of any amount towards the annuity of an insurer. The plan must go towards creating a pension for the future.
The amount is taxable only when one surrenders the annuity. The interest and bonuses that one receives on this annuity are also taxable.
This section involves the pension fund as well. A person can claim this deductible if they deposit an amount into their pension fund. An individual can attain a maximum deduction if the amount is Rs. 1.5 lakhs or 20% of the GTI of a person if they are self-employed. For individuals who are employees themselves will receive a tax deduction worth 10% of their salaries.
Like the equity funds mentioned above, there are two other funds that are common in accomplishing tax saving.
On the basis of a savings fund, the Minister of Finance came up with a few tax benefits. This fund offers an individual an unfettering return rate of 8%. This return rate is fixed in each quarter.
This is another tax saving plan that offers benefits during retirement and applies to all employees who receive a salary. The employer cuts out 12% of an employee's salary to transfer it into an EPF. The employee has the opportunity to receive an interest rate of close to eight percent. In addition to this, the entire fund is tax-free, including the interest. However, this is if one withdraws the amount after working continuously for five years.
With these tax saving tips, you can now start planning out your finances and taxes and save up for a great and convenient future for yourself and your kids.