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Income Tax Slab for FY 2022-23, FY 2021-22 | New Tax & Slab Rates in India

Income Tax Slab for FY 2022-23, FY 2021-22 | New Tax & Slab Rates in India

Income Tax Slab for FY 2021-22
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The financial world keeps changing to adapt to the evolution in the world, this also means that something new is always happening without individuals being aware of it. The idea behind income tax is something that is well understood by those parts of the higher strata of life. The literacy rate in India over such facts is often on the lower end.

To help them understand this, it is better to educate them on what exactly an income tax is, what it is for this year. In the Union Budget 2022, no change was announced for the income tax slab. This way, a person will know what exactly the tax system is and what the government plans on doing with it.

What is an Income Tax Slab?

To put it in simple terms, income tax is a tax amount that is paid by a person, group of individuals, or entities based on their level of gains and income during a financial year. This income could either be actual, notional, or even both. The rate of the income tax for this year has been decided by the government of India and is based on the union budget 2022 income tax. In India, the income tax is based on a slab system on which the taxpayers have to pay. The slab system basically means that the tax rates are given to each person based on their income.

In short, a person who earns a higher income will have a higher amount of tax levied against them. Certain tax incentives are also added by the government for the category of people who are required to pay long-term funds. The amount invested into various forms of tax saving schemes is eventually deducted from gross income. This also helps to reduce the amount of income tax payable which will then benefit the taxpayers. Based on the union budget for the year 2022-23, the gross tax revenue has seen an increase of about 5% since 2019-20. From this, the borrowings are also expected to have an increase of 27% as compared to the FY 2019-20.

The income tax slabs tend to change over time, always considering the fluctuation of inflation levels. Apart from this, the government also ensures to provide a rebate on the income tax for those individuals falling under a lower-income group. The main idea behind the income tax slab is to ensure that there are progressive as well as fair tax structures within the country.

What are the Different Types of Incomes that are Taxable in India?

1. Income Obtained from Salary or Pension

Taxes obtained from this category generally involve a person’s basic salary, perquisites, taxable allowances, and even any profit they have made from their salary. This also means that the pension a person receives on retirement is taxed based on income tax. The income obtained from salary and pension is then added to the computation of taxable income.

2. Income Made from Businesses

This particular tax is generally obtained from the presumptive and even actual income that a business or profession may incur. This could be charged at full capacity or a side and personal note. It is still included as a part of the income that is taxable. However, it is only done after adjustments to the deductions are made; the ones that have been allowed.

3. Income Generated from House Property

As is common with individuals that owning more than one housing property and giving it up for rent is generally an easy way to make extra income. However, the ownership of the property at that time still lies in the hands of the original owner. Based on this principle an income tax is levied against the owner, based on the rent amount which he/she receives. Any net income or loss generated under this will be included or removed from the income of the other properties.

4. Income Obtained from Betting, Lottery, etc

Though these are still taxable on the account of income tax and are added to the total income a person makes. They are taxed separately. These types of income fall under an entirely different category which has a different form of the tax rate applicable and levied against them.

5. Income made from Capital Gain

These types of gains are normally formed from the sale of certain assets like house properties, gold, mutual funds units, stocks, and many more. Based on what type of assets it is and on how long a person has had it for as well as profits made on it, it will then be classified as long-term or short-term capital gain. However, though these gains are also a part of the income tax, they are not added to the taxable amount that will be levied.

Eligibility for Income Tax

As we know, income tax is based on the ability of a person to pay it, meaning that the tax applied is based on a person’s income that the government changes when they see fit. However, at the moment, there is a 0% income tax levied against those who have an income of around RS. 2.5 lakhs annually. A 5% tax is deducted from those who have earnings between the amounts of Rs. 2.5 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh. This goes on as the amount increases, with 20% being levied against those whose income is between Rs. 5 lakhs and 30% against those whose income is over Rs. 10 lakhs annually.

On the other hand, 4% is charged to health and education regardless of their income rate. There is, however, a surcharge of 10% that is levied against those whose income falls between Rs. 50 lakhs and Rs. 1 crore. A 15% tax surcharge is levied against those whose income is over Rs. 1 crore annually. Also, under section 87A of the constitution a tax rebate of up to an amount of Rs. 12,500 is given to those that have a total income of around Rs. 5 lakhs after certain deductions have been made. However, if the taxable income goes over the Rs. 5 lakhs limit, the usual way of tax computation will be applied.

New Income Tax Slabs & Rates for FY 2021-22 & AY 2022-23

Due to the crisis that the country faced during 2020, the central government had decided not to make any changes to the income tax slab for FY 2021-22 and carry it on it the new FY 2021-22. However, there was an exemption made towards the new slab. According to this, senior citizens over the age of 75 who are largely dependent on their pension as well as income interests have been exempted from having to fill out tax returns. In their cases, TDS (Tax Deducted of Source) will automatically be deducted by banks.

Difference of Tax Slab Rates between New Tax Regime and Old Tax Regime for FY 21-22 & AY 22-23

Income Tax Slab Tax Rates as per New Regime Tax Rates as per Old Regime
₹0 - ₹2,50,000 Nil Nil
₹2,50,001 - ₹ 5,00,000 5% 5%
₹5,00,001 - ₹ 7,50,000 ₹12500 + 10% of total income exceeding ₹5,00,000 ₹12500 + 20% of total income exceeding ₹5,00,000
₹7,50,001 - ₹ 10,00,000 ₹37500 + 15% of total income exceeding ₹7,50,000 ₹62500 + 20% of total income exceeding ₹7,50,000
₹10,00,001 - ₹12,50,000 ₹75000 + 20% of total income exceeding ₹10,00,000 ₹112500 + 30% of total income exceeding ₹10,00,000
₹12,50,001 - ₹15,00,000 ₹125000 + 25% of total income exceeding ₹12,50,000 ₹187500 + 30% of total income exceeding ₹12,50,000
Above ₹ 15,00,000 ₹187500 + 30% of total income exceeding ₹15,00,000 ₹262500 + 30% of total income exceeding ₹15,00,000
Difference of Tax Slab Rates between New Tax Regime and Old Tax Regime for FY 20-21 & AY 21-22

Example of Tax Payable Under New & Old Tax Regime

Dr Shalini is a 30 year old Physiotherapist. She’s self-employed and has estimated her income from profession for the financial year 2021-22 to be Rs. 15 Lakhs. She has been investing up to Rs. 2.5 Lakhs in the tax-saving plans eligible for deduction under section 80C.

She also has health insurance plan for herself and parents (not senior citizen) with a total premium of Rs. 41,000. Her tax liability for the FY 2021-22 will be:

Rs. 2,05,200 + Cess, under the old regime after claiming all the deductions; i.e., taxable income of Rs. 13.09 Lakhs.

Rs. 1,87,500 + Cess, under the new tax regime without any deductions; i.e., taxable income of Rs. 15 Lakhs.

Income Tax Slabs & Rates for Individuals below 60 years for FY 21-22 & AY 22-23

Income Slabs Old Regime New Regime
Up to Rs. 2,50,000 NIL NIL
Rs. 2,50,001 - Rs. 5,00,000 5% 5%
Rs. 5,00,001 - Rs. 7,50,000 20% 10%
Rs. 7,50,001 - Rs. 10,00,000 20% 15%
Rs. 10,00,001 - Rs. 12,50,000 30% 20%
Rs. 12,50,001 - Rs. 15,00,000 30% 25%
Above Rs. 15,00,000 30% 30%
Income Tax Slabs & Rates for Individuals below 60 years for FY 20-21 & AY 21-22

Cess Applicable on Income Tax for Individuals below 60 Years

A Health & Education Cess is applicable on your tax liability plus estimated as per the income tax slab plus Surcharge. Health & Education Cess applies at a rate of 4% of the income tax amount.

For example, if your total tax liability as per the income tax slab is Rs 50,000. First, you need to add Surcharge to this amount. Thus, if your tax liability after surcharge is Rs. 55,000, you need to add Health & Education Cess at 4% to this amount.

Thus, after Health & Education Cess, your total tax liability will be Rs. 57,200.

However, if your taxable income does not exceed Rs. 5 Lakhs in the previous year, you can claim a rebate u/s 87A. This section allows a rebate of up to Rs. 12,500 on your tax liability before cess and surcharge.

Surcharge Applicable on Income Tax for Individuals below 60 Years

Surcharge applies to your tax liability estimated as per the income tax slab for the assessment year. The rate of applicable surcharge varies based on your total taxable income:

a) 10% if your taxable income lies between Rs. 50 Lakhs and Rs. 1 Crore
b) 15% if your taxable income falls between Rs.1 Crore to Rs. 2 Crore
c) 25% if your taxable income falls between Rs. 2 Crore to Rs. 5 Crore
d) 37% if your income exceeds Rs. 5 Crore

The maximum Surcharge rate is limited to 15% in case of capital gain incomes under sections 111A, 112A and 115AD.

Income Tax Slab & Rates for Senior Citizens (60 to 80 Years) for FY 21-22 & AY 22-23

Income Slabs Old Regime New Regime
Up to Rs. 2,50,000 NIL NIL
Rs 2,50,001 – Rs 3,00,000 NIL NIL
Rs. 3,00,001 – Rs. 5,00,000 5% 5%
Rs. 5,00,001 – Rs. 7,50,000 20% 10%
Rs. 7,50,001 – Rs. 10,00,000 20% 15%
Rs. 10,00,001 – Rs. 12,50,000 30% 30%
Rs. 12,50,001 – Rs. 15,00,000 30% 25%
Above Rs. 15,00,000 30% 30%
Income Tax Slab & Rates for Senior Citizens (60 to 80 Years) for FY 20-21 & AY 21-22

Income Tax Slab & Rates for Super Senior Citizens (Above 80 Years) for FY 21-22 & AY 22-23

Existing Regime Slab Rates for FY 20-21 & FY 21-22 New Income Tax Slab Regime (Applicable for All Individuals & HUF)
Rs. 0.0 – Rs. 2.5 Lakhs NIL NIL
Rs. 2.5 – Rs. 3.00 Lakhs NIL NIL
Rs. 3.0 – Rs. 5.0 Lakhs NIL 5% (Tax Rebate U/S 87A is available)
Rs. 5.0 – Rs. 7.5 Lakhs 20% 10%
Rs. 7.5 – Rs. 10.00 Lakhs 20% 15%
Rs. 10.0 – Rs. 12.50 Lakhs 30% 20%
Rs. 12.5 – Rs.15.0 Lakhs 30% 25%
>Rs. 15 Lakhs 30% 30%
Income Tax Slab & Rates for Super Senior Citizens (Above 80 Years) for FY 20-21 & AY 21-22

Income Tax Slab Rates for NRIs

Old Income Tax Slab Regime New Income Tax Slab Regime
Up to Rs. 2,50,000 NIL NIL
Rs. 2,50,001 – Rs. 5,00,000 5% 5%
Rs. 5,00,001 – Rs. 7,50,000 20% 10%
Rs. 7,50,001 – Rs. 10,00,000 20% 15%
Rs. 10,00,001 – Rs. 12,50,000 30% 20%
Rs. 12,50,001 – Rs. 15,00,000 30% 25%
Above Rs. 15,00,000 30% 30%
Income Tax Slab Rates for NRIs

Income Tax Slabs for Women

Income tax slabs for AY 2021-22 and 2022-23 for women are same as men under both new and old tax regimes.

Income tax slabs for women under old income tax regime are given below:

Maximum Exempt Income - Rs. 250,000
- Rs. 300,000 for women aged between the age of 60 and 80
- Rs. 500,000 for super senior women (aged above 80 years)
Tax Amount as Follows
Tax Slab rate of 5% Up to Rs. 500,000 12,500
Slab rate of 20% Up to Rs. 10,00,000 1,00,000
Slab rate of 30% After Rs. 10,00,000 30% of the excess income

Income tax slabs for women under the new income tax regime are given below:

Total Income (Rs) Rate Amount
Up to 2,50,000 Nil 0
From 2,50,001 to 5,00,000 5% 12,500
From 5,00,001 to 7,50,000 10% 25,000
From 7,50,001 to 10,00,000 15% 37,500
From 10,00,001 to 12,50,000 20% 50,000
From 12,50,001 to 15,00,000 25% 62,500
Above 15,00,000 30% 30% of the excess income

Surcharge Applicability for FY 21-22 & AY 22-23

Taxable Income (Rs.) Surcharge Rate
50 Lakhs to 1 Crore 10%
1 Crore to 2 Crore 15%
2 Crore to 5 Crore 25%
5 Crore to 10 Crore 37%
10 Crore & Above 37%

The maximum surcharge rate for capital gains under sections 111A, 112A and 115AD are limited to 15% regardless of the taxable amount.

Income Tax Slabs for Domestic Company for FY 2021-22 & AY 2022-23

Income-tax slab for FY 2021-22 (AY 2021-22 & 2022-23) applicable in the case of domestic companies are as follows:

Assessment Year 2021-22 2022-23
Where the company’s total turnover or gross receipt during the previous year 2018-19 does not exceed Rs. 400 Crore 25% NA
Where its total turnover or gross receipt during the previous year 2019-20 does not exceed Rs. 400 Crore NA 25%
Any other domestic company 30% 30%

Surcharge & Cess Application for Domestic Company (AY 2021-22 & 2022-23)

Unless the domestic company has opted for a special income tax slab for AY 2021-22, Surcharge will apply at the following rates:

  • 7% if total income is more than Rs. 1 Crore but less than Rs. 10 Crore
  • 12% if total income exceeds Rs. 10 Crore

Marginal relief will also apply for firms with incomes where the surcharge exceeds their excess income. For example:

If the surcharge increases the tax payable by Rs. 1 Lakh while excess income over Rs. 1 Crore is less than Rs. 1 Lakh, the surcharge is not payable.

Health & Education Cess applies to the tax payable after adding the surcharge at 4%.

Income Tax Slabs for Partnership Firm for FY 2021-22 & AY 2022-23

Partnership firms including LLPs (Limited liability partnerships) are taxable at 30% for AY 2021-22 and 2022-23. Unlike individual and HUF taxpayers LLPs and partnership firms do not get a tax slab treatment for their income tax calculations.

Surcharge at 12% will also apply to the payable tax amount if the income of the partnership firm exceeds Rs. 1 Crore. Marginal relief applies if the surcharge amount is more than the income over Rs. 1 Crore.

4% Health and education cess also applies to the tax slab amount plus surcharge.

New Tax Regime vs. Old Tax Regime – Which is Better?

Should you opt for the new tax regime or stick to the old proven method of estimating your taxes? Here are a few scenarios which should offer you a better insight:

When you have a Taxable Income Less than Rs. 10 Lakhs

New Regime Old Regime
Total Taxable Income 10,00,000 10,00,000
Tax Saving Investments NA 2,00,000
Total Income (Rs.) Rates 10,00,000 Rates 8,00,000
Up to 2,50,000 Nil 0 0
From 2,50,001 to 5,00,000 5% 12,500 5% 12,500
From 5,00,001 to 7,50,000 10% 25,000 20% 50,000
From 7,50,001 to 10,00,000 15% 37,500 20% 10,000
From 10,00,001 to 12,50,000 20% - 30% -
From 12,50,001 to 15,00,000 25% - 30% -
Above 15,00,000 30% - 30% -
75,000 - 72,500
Surcharge Nil
Health & Education Cess 4% 3,000 2,900
Tax Payable 78,000 75,400

Thus, following the old tax regime makes more sense, if you have tax-saving investments such as life insurance, provident fund investments and health insurance premiums.

Without deductions, however, the old tax regime will be more expensive to follow. So, if you are more inclined towards non-tax saving investments like stocks and bonds, following the new tax regime will be more beneficial.

When you have a Taxable Income Between Rs. 10 Lakhs and Rs. 15 Lakhs

New Regime Old Regime
Total Taxable Income 14,00,000 14,00,000
Tax Saving Investments 0 2,00,000
Total Income (Rs.) Rates 14,00,000 Rates 12,00,000
Up to 2,50,000 Nil 0 0
From 2,50,001 to 5,00,000 5% 12,500 5% 12,500
From 5,00,001 to 7,50,000 10% 25,000 20% 50,000
From 7,50,001 to 10,00,000 15% 37,500 20% 50,000
From 10,00,001 to 12,50,000 20% 50,000 30% 60,000
From 12,50,001 to 15,00,000 25% 37,500 30%
Above 15,00,000 30% 30%
1,62,500 1,72,500
Surcharge Nil
Health & Education Cess 4% 6,500 6,900
Tax Payable 1,69,000 1,79,400

Thus, with income reaching the highest slab rate new tax regime becomes more beneficial than the old income tax slabs. Even with deductions.

However, if you have a home loan on a self-occupied property, you can still increase your deduction amount and benefit under the old tax slab rates. Deduction of interest paid on a home loan taken for a self-occupied house does not affect your tax liability under the new tax regime.

You can still benefit up to Rs. 2 Lakhs from the interest payment on a home loan taken for a let-out property under the new tax regime.

What if your Income Exceeds Rs. 15 Lakhs?

New Regime Old Regime
Total Taxable Income 20,00,000 20,00,000
Tax Saving Investments 0 2,00,000
Total Income (Rs.) Rates 20,00,000 Rates 18,00,000
Up to 2,50,000 Nil 0 0
From 2,50,001 to 5,00,000 5% 12,500 5% 12,500
From 5,00,001 to 7,50,000 10% 25,000 20% 50,000
From 7,50,001 to 10,00,000 15% 37,500 20% 50,000
From 10,00,001 to 12,50,000 20% 50,000 30% 75,000
From 12,50,001 to 15,00,000 25% 62,500 30% 75,000
Above 15,00,000 30% 1,50,000 30% 2,40,000
3,37,500 5,02,500
Surcharge Nil
Health & Education Cess 4% 13,500 20,100
Tax Payable 3,51,000 5,22,600

As your income grows the effect of the new tax regime becomes more apparent. As you can observe in the table for total taxable income of Rs. 20 Lakhs, the new tax regime saves more than Rs 1 Lakh in tax outflow without deductions.

Besides this, the income tax slab for HUF (Hindu Undivided Family), as well as AOP (Associations of Persons), BOI (Body of Individuals), and Artificial Juridical Person remains the same as for non-resident individuals.

Knowing what rate you end up paying based on your income is important for a strong tax planning. Though these rates are the same at the moment, there is a possibility of them changing during the next FY. That is why Canara HSBC Life Insurance ensures that each of their clients is made aware of what they pay as taxpayers will maintain the rates of the income tax slab.

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Annual Income (In Lacs)

FAQs on Income Tax Slabs

If your total taxable income exceeds the maximum exempt amount, i.e., Rs. 2.5 Lakhs, filing an income tax return becomes mandatory. However, even if your income is below Rs. 2.5 Lakhs filing ITR offers other benefits. For example, it becomes an identity proof for you, a proof of financial stability and status, proof of income, etc.

Yes, the New Tax Regime does not differentiate between taxpayers due to age. Thus, even for senior and super senior citizens, the limit of maximum tax-exempt income is Rs. 2.5 Lakhs only.

Yes, under the old regime of income tax slab, the rates only differ for taxpayers aged 60 to 80 and above 80. But the income tax slabs remain the same for all male and female taxpayers. The new income tax regime does not even differentiate between different age groups of taxpayers and offers the same income tax rates for all taxpayers.

You can claim a rebate under section 87A if your total taxable income after deductions is not more than Rs. 5 Lakhs. Also, this rebate is only available to resident individual taxpayers. This rebate is available to taxpayers under both old and new tax regimes.

The standard deduction under section 80TTA or 80TTB is not available under the new tax regime. The new tax regime offers a lower rate for income tax slabs. Thus, along with section 87A, the new tax regime offers lower tax liability than the old tax regime for all taxpayers.

Present Union Budget 2022 has majorly announced changes relating to balancing tax liabilities on different corporates and institutions. Few entities like startups and manufacturing facilities have been exempted from tax liability if they are formed before the end of FY 2022-23 and 2023-24 respectively. Other announcements include:

  • Launch of Central Bank Digital Currency
  • Tax at 30% on capital gains from the sale of digital assets including cryptocurrencies and NFTs
  • Losses from virtual asset transfers cannot be set off or carried forward to the next Assessment Year
  • Surcharge on LTCG has been capped at 15%
  • Investment in annuity pension plans for disabled relatives will also reduce your taxable income for the year
  • Any Covid-related payments received for death or treatment of family member during FY 2019-20 onwards will be exempt up to 10 Lakhs (if received within 12 months of the treatment or death)
  • You can now file revised ITR with excess tax within two assessment years

Income tax slab rates have not been changed by the Budget 2022-23. A few changes have been made to the surcharge rates on capital gains and tax for cooperative societies. The maximum surcharge for both has been capped at 15% starting FY 2022-23.

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